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AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Exam Study Path

The AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals certification exam is intended for individuals who want to have a foundational knowledge when venturing into the Cloud. Although the AZ-900 test is the easiest to achieve among all the Azure certification exams, you still need to learn and properly understand the concepts on cloud computing, and know the basics on the Azure services.

In the Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Exam (or AZ-900 for short), questions will test your ability to:

  • Describe Cloud Concepts
  • Describe Core Azure Services
  • Describe Core Solutions and Management Tools on Azure
  • Describe General Security and Network Security Features
  • Describe Identity, Governance, Privacy, and Compliance Features
  • Describe Azure Cost Management and Service Level Agreements

Given the scope of the exam above, you should also be familiar with the concepts of compute, storage, networking, application support, and application development. This guide aims to help you pass your exam on your first try.

Study Materials

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The primary study materials that you can use for your review are: Azure Fundamentals Learning Path, Azure Documentation, Tutorials Dojo’s Azure Cheat Sheets, and our AZ-900 Practice Exams.

Having an Azure account will help you better understand the concepts written within the documentations, since the exam itself contains different types of questions (multiple-choice, drag and drop, hotspot, and dropdown) to test your knowledge on these services.

Additional details regarding your AZ-900 exam can be found in this Azure Exam Skills Outline.

To learn more about each of the AZ-900 exam domains, you can take these free training materials from the Microsoft site:

  1. Explore Microsoft Azure cloud concepts – learn and understand the fundamentals of the Azure platform.
  2. Distinguish Microsoft Azure Core Services – explore the core products and solutions in Azure.
  3. Understand the various management tools from Microsoft Azure – learn how to choose the appropriate tools and services to address different kinds of business challenges.
  4. Securing your data in the cloud – know the security best practices to ensure your resources in the cloud are safe and secured.
  5. Examine Microsoft Azure security, privacy, compliance, and trust –  study the basics of how you can secure access to your applications, the difference between authentication and authorization, and various security tools to protect your account.
  6. Review Microsoft Azure pricing, service level agreements, and lifecycles – explore the factors that affect your cost when using Azure services.

Azure Services to Focus On

Azure offers extensive documentations and various learning paths for all of their services. Knowing the basic concepts and Azure services will help you easily pass the AZ-900 exam, which can pave the way towards a rewarding career in cloud computing. I suggest that you read Tutorials Dojo’s Azure Cheat Sheets, which provide bullet-point summaries of the most important concepts about the different Azure services. 

Concepts that you need to focus on:

  1. Cloud Concepts – You should be able to understand the various concepts in cloud computing, such as benefits, economies of scale, deployment models, and types of cloud services.
  2. Compute – Study the different types of compute services, and their use cases.
  3. Storage – Azure offers many types of storage services, depending on your needs. Understand what these types are and how they differ from each other.
  4. Network – This is the fundamental building block in launching your resources. Study the different types of networking services and the features each of them supports.
  5. Security – Understand how you can secure your account in Azure. You also need to know the various security services that you can use in different scenarios. 

Aside from these, you should know the differences between Azure Portal, CLI, Powershell, and Cloud Shell. It’s also important to familiarize yourself with the portal’s interface since there are questions that show an image of the portal and ask you to select the answer that matches the image.

Validate Your Knowledge

After going through the training and reading materials we gave above, we recommend taking a practice exam first before booking your AZ-900 exam. Tutorials Dojo offers a top-notch set of AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals practice tests. Combined with our study guide and cheat sheets eBook, we’re confident that these will help you pass the exam.

AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Practice Exam Tutorials Dojo

Sample Practice Test Questions:

Question 1

A company is planning to deploy its suite of enterprise applications to Microsoft Azure, where each application has several dependencies and subcomponents. The company must also control and manage the patching activities of the underlying operating system of the servers.

What type of cloud deployment solution should you recommend?

  1. Infrastructure as a Service (laaS)
  2. Platform as a Service (PaaS)
  3. Software as a Service (SaaS)
  4. Functions as a service (FaaS)

Correct Answer: 1

Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is an instant computing infrastructure, provisioned, and managed over the internet. It’s one of the types of cloud services, along with software as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and serverless.

IaaS quickly scales up and down with demand, letting you pay only for what you use. It helps you avoid the expense and complexity of buying and managing your own physical servers and other datacenter infrastructure. Each resource is offered as a separate service component, and you only need to rent a particular one for as long as you need it.

A cloud computing service provider, such as Azure, manages the infrastructure while you purchase, install, configure, and manage your own software — operating systems, middleware, and applications.

You can also use the Azure Virtual Machines, which is an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), to host the suite of enterprise applications and manage the patching activities of the underlying operating system of the servers.

Therefore, the correct answer is: Infrastructure as a Service (laaS).

Platform as a Service (PaaS) is incorrect because this is a type of cloud service that allows you to focus on developing your applications and services by letting the cloud service provider handle the administrative tasks of the underlying application infrastructure. It doesn’t allow the customers to control and manage the patching activities of the underlying operating system of the servers.

Software as a Service (SaaS) is incorrect because this cloud service type just allows customers to connect to and use its cloud-based apps over the Internet, and not deploy their custom applications. Just like PaaS, it doesn’t allow the customers to control and manage the patching activities of the underlying operating system of the servers that you use.

Function as a Service (FaaS) is incorrect because this is simply an event-driven serverless compute platform. The underlying servers are abstracted and not accessible to the end-user.



Azure Cloud Service Models Cheat Sheet:


Question 2

Question Type: Hotspot Yes/No

Instruction: For each of the following items, choose Yes if the statement is true or choose No if the statement is false. Take note that each correct item is worth one point.

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AZ-900 hotspot question

Correct Answer: Yes – No – No

Microsoft Azure operated by 21Vianet (Azure China) is a physically separated instance of cloud services located in China. It’s independently operated and transacted by Shanghai Blue Cloud Technology Co., Ltd. (“21Vianet”), a wholly-owned subsidiary of Beijing 21Vianet Broadband Data Center Co., Ltd.

Azure global regions and Azure China regions are physically disconnected. However, you can still connect subscriptions in Azure China and Azure global regions through composite VPN site-to-site or ExpressRoute. You connect the subscription in the Azure China region with your on-premises site and connect your on-premises site to your subscription in the Azure global region.

US government agencies or their partners interested in cloud services that meet government security and compliance requirements can be confident that Microsoft Azure Government provides world-class security, protection, and compliance services. Azure Government delivers a dedicated cloud, enabling government agencies and their partners to transform mission-critical workloads to the cloud. Azure Government uses physically isolated data centers and networks (located in the U.S. only).

Azure Government uses the same underlying technologies as global Azure, which includes the core components of Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS), Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS), and Software-as-a-Service (SaaS). Azure Government includes Geo-Synchronous data replication, auto-scaling, network, storage, data management, identity management, among other services.

The statement that says: Microsoft does not operate Azure China is correct because Shanghai Blue Cloud Technology Co., Ltd. operates Azure China.

The following statements are incorrect because Microsoft operates Azure Government for US government agencies or their partners only.

Microsoft does not operate Azure Government

Azure Government is available to all Microsoft customers


Check out this Azure Global Infrastructure Cheat Sheet:

For more Azure practice exam questions with detailed explanations, check out the Tutorials Dojo Portal:

Microsoft Azure Practice Exams Tutorials Dojo

You should get some rest before the day of your exam and review any notes that you have written down. Since the AZ-900 exam is not composed of scenario-based questions and case studies, the exam itself should be straightforward.

All the best!

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Written by: Gerome Pagatpatan

Gerome is certified in AWS, Azure, and Oracle. After graduating from college with a degree in Electronics Engineering, he decided to pursue the field of Information Technology through self-study. He is passionate about education, and now it's his turn to share his knowledge, experiences, and passion in Cloud Computing.

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