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AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Exam Study Path

The AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals certification exam is intended for individuals who want to have a foundational knowledge when venturing into the Cloud. Although the AZ-900 test is the easiest to achieve among all the Azure certification exams, you still need to learn and properly understand the concepts on cloud computing, and know the basics on the Azure services.

In the Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Exam (or AZ-900 for short), questions will test your ability to:

  • Describe Cloud Concepts
  • Describe Core Azure Services
  • Describe Core Solutions and Management Tools on Azure
  • Describe General Security and Network Security Features
  • Describe Identity, Governance, Privacy, and Compliance Features
  • Describe Azure Cost Management and Service Level Agreements

Given the scope of the exam above, you should also be familiar with the concepts of compute, storage, networking, application support, and application development. This guide aims to help you pass your exam on your first try.

Study Materials

The primary study materials that you can use for your review are: Azure Fundamentals Learning Path, Azure Documentation, Tutorials Dojo’s Azure Cheat Sheets, and our AZ-900 Practice Exams.

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Having an Azure account will help you better understand the concepts written within the documentations, since the exam itself contains different types of questions (multiple-choice, drag and drop, hotspot, and dropdown) to test your knowledge on these services.

Additional details regarding your AZ-900 exam can be found in this Azure Exam Skills Outline.

To learn more about each of the AZ-900 exam domains, you can take these free training materials from the Microsoft site:

  1. Explore Microsoft Azure cloud concepts – learn and understand the fundamentals of the Azure platform.
  2. Distinguish Microsoft Azure Core Services – explore the core products and solutions in Azure.
  3. Understand the various management tools from Microsoft Azure – learn how to choose the appropriate tools and services to address different kinds of business challenges.
  4. Securing your data in the cloud – know the security best practices to ensure your resources in the cloud are safe and secured.
  5. Examine Microsoft Azure security, privacy, compliance, and trust –  study the basics of how you can secure access to your applications, the difference between authentication and authorization, and various security tools to protect your account.
  6. Review Microsoft Azure pricing, service level agreements, and lifecycles – explore the factors that affect your cost when using Azure services.

Azure Services to Focus On

Azure offers extensive documentations and various learning paths for all of their services. Knowing the basic concepts and Azure services will help you easily pass the AZ-900 exam, which can pave the way towards a rewarding career in cloud computing. I suggest that you read Tutorials Dojo’s Azure Cheat Sheets, which provide bullet-point summaries of the most important concepts about the different Azure services. 

Concepts that you need to focus on:

  1. Cloud Concepts – You should be able to understand the various concepts in cloud computing, such as benefits, economies of scale, deployment models, and types of cloud services.
  2. Compute – Study the different types of compute services, and their use cases.
  3. Storage – Azure offers many types of storage services, depending on your needs. Understand what these types are and how they differ from each other.
  4. Network – This is the fundamental building block in launching your resources. Study the different types of networking services and the features each of them supports.
  5. Security – Understand how you can secure your account in Azure. You also need to know the various security services that you can use in different scenarios. 

Aside from these, you should know the differences between Azure Portal, CLI, Powershell, and Cloud Shell. It’s also important to familiarize yourself with the portal’s interface since there are questions that show an image of the portal and ask you to select the answer that matches the image.

Validate Your Knowledge

After going through the training and reading materials we gave above, we recommend taking a practice exam first before booking your AZ-900 exam. Tutorials Dojo offers a top-notch set of AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals practice tests. Combined with our study guide and cheat sheets eBook, we’re confident that these will help you pass the exam.

AZ-900 Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Practice Exam Tutorials Dojo

Sample Practice Test Questions:

Question 1

A company is planning to deploy its suite of enterprise applications to Microsoft Azure, where each application has several dependencies and subcomponents. The company must also control and manage the patching activities of the underlying operating system of the servers.

What type of cloud deployment solution should you recommend?

  1. Infrastructure as a Service (laaS)
  2. Platform as a Service (PaaS)
  3. Software as a Service (SaaS)
  4. Functions as a service (FaaS)

Correct Answer: 1

Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is an instant computing infrastructure, provisioned, and managed over the internet. It’s one of the types of cloud services, along with software as a service (SaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and serverless.

IaaS quickly scales up and down with demand, letting you pay only for what you use. It helps you avoid the expense and complexity of buying and managing your own physical servers and other datacenter infrastructure. Each resource is offered as a separate service component, and you only need to rent a particular one for as long as you need it.

A cloud computing service provider, such as Azure, manages the infrastructure while you purchase, install, configure, and manage your own software — operating systems, middleware, and applications.

You can also use the Azure Virtual Machines, which is an Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), to host the suite of enterprise applications and manage the patching activities of the underlying operating system of the servers.

Therefore, the correct answer is: Infrastructure as a Service (laaS).

Platform as a Service (PaaS) is incorrect because this is a type of cloud service that allows you to focus on developing your applications and services by letting the cloud service provider handle the administrative tasks of the underlying application infrastructure. It doesn’t allow the customers to control and manage the patching activities of the underlying operating system of the servers.

Software as a Service (SaaS) is incorrect because this cloud service type just allows customers to connect to and use its cloud-based apps over the Internet, and not deploy their custom applications. Just like PaaS, it doesn’t allow the customers to control and manage the patching activities of the underlying operating system of the servers that you use.

Function as a Service (FaaS) is incorrect because this is simply an event-driven serverless compute platform. The underlying servers are abstracted and not accessible to the end-user.

References:

https://azure.microsoft.com/en-au/overview/what-is-iaas
https://azure.microsoft.com/en-au/overview/what-is-azure/iaas/#overview
https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security/fundamentals/paas-deployments

Azure Cloud Service Models Cheat Sheet:

https://tutorialsdojo.com/azure-cloud-service-models/

Question 2

Question Type: Single Choice

You have an Azure subscription named Manila that contains an application hosted on a single virtual machine.

There is a requirement where you must automatically be able to add additional identical virtual machines in response to demand.

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What Azure solution would you recommend?

 1. Fault domain
2. Update domain
3. Management groups
4. Virtual machine scale sets

Correct Answer: 4

Azure virtual machine scale sets let you create and manage a group of load-balanced VMs. The number of VM instances can automatically increase or decrease in response to demand or a defined schedule. Scale sets provide the following key benefits:

– Easy to create and manage multiple VMs

– Provides high availability and application resiliency by distributing VMs across availability zones or fault domains

– Allows your application to automatically scale as resource demand changes

Virtual machine scale sets let you create and manage a group of identical, load-balanced VMs. If you simply created multiple VMs with the same purpose, you need to ensure they were all configured identically and then set up network routing parameters to ensure efficiency. You also have to monitor the utilization to determine if you need to increase or decrease the number of VMs.

Instead, with virtual machine scale sets, Azure automates most of that work. Scale sets allow you to centrally manage, configure, and update a large number of VMs in minutes. The number of VM instances can automatically increase or decrease in response to demand, or you can set it to scale based on a defined schedule.

Therefore, the correct answer is: Virtual machine scale sets.

Fault domain is incorrect because this simply defines the group of virtual machines that share a common power source and network switch.

Update domain is incorrect because this only indicates groups of virtual machines and underlying physical hardware that can be rebooted at the same time.

Management groups is incorrect because this just gives you enterprise-grade management at a scale no matter what type of subscriptions you have.

 

References:

https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/products/virtual-machine-scale-sets/
https://learn.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machine-scale-sets/overview

For more Azure practice exam questions with detailed explanations, check out the Tutorials Dojo Portal:

Microsoft Azure Practice Exams Tutorials Dojo

You should get some rest before the day of your exam and review any notes that you have written down. Since the AZ-900 exam is not composed of scenario-based questions and case studies, the exam itself should be straightforward.

All the best!

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Written by: Gerome Pagatpatan

Gerome is certified in AWS, Azure, and Oracle. After graduating from college with a degree in Electronics Engineering, he decided to pursue the field of Information Technology through self-study. He is passionate about education, and now it's his turn to share his knowledge, experiences, and passion in Cloud Computing.

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